THE ADDIS ABABA PEACE FORUM - STRUGGLE FOR PEACE AND DEMOCRACY
Theme: A joint statement by the Sudan African Parties, SPLM/SPLA and Anya-Nya (2)
In view of the rapidly deteriorating situation in your country which is posing an unprecedented threat to its stability and the very survival of the Sudanese people as a whole, And whereas the Sudan African Parties, the National Alliance for Salvation of the country and the SPLM/SPLA had initiated peace dialogue in our country in 1985/1986.
And aware of the Sudan Government's bid to achieve a military solution and thereby obstructing such initiatives, we the delegates representing the Sudan African Parties, SPLM/SPLA and ANYA-NYA (2) meeting in the capital of socialist Ethiopia (Addis Ababa) from 19th. to 23. August 1987 consider it our cardinal duty to make the following statement:
As patriotic forces struggling to restore our national independence, peace, democracy and social justice, and inspired by the revolutionary traditions of our people born of their heroic struggles against their oppressors, we serenely oppose the undemocratic rule of the sectarian tradition parties and any gross act of foreign intervention in our country's internal affairs and the flagrant threats posed by Sadiq's government to exterminate the struggling Sudanese people.
II. As long as the Sudan government continues to ignore prerequisites for the holding of the proposed National Constitutional Conference as stipulated in the KOKA DAM Declaration, it will be impossible to achieve permanent peace and democracy in our country.
III. We firmly reiterate our support for the KOKA DAM Declaration as the basis for solving our national problems. We therefore, urge all political forces in the country to bring pressure to bear on the Sudan government to immediately implement the terms of the Koka Dam Declaration.
IV. We are also absolutely convinced that given the present grave situation the parties concerned shall relentlessly strive to hold democratic dialogue with all Sudanese to our national problems.
In view of the impending famine resulting from this year's severe drought in most parties of the South, the parties concerned urge the humanitarian wing of the Sudan government, the SRRA and the international Relief Organizations to consult and organise relief and rehabilitation assistance to reach the affected population whether in the countryside or in the towns.
VI. Finally, we whole-heartedly appreciate the effort made by the Sudan Council of Churches (SCC) in organising this successful meeting.
SIGNED IN ADDIS ABABA, THIS 24TH. DAY OF AUGUST, IN THE YEAR ONE THOUSAND AND EIGHTY SEVEN.
- Mr. Eliaba James Surur,
Chairman, Sudan African Parties Delegation.
- Lt. Col. William Nyuon Bany,
Chief of Staff, SPLA Forces, Member of SPLM/SPLA Political - Military High Command and Leader SPLM/SPLA Delegation.
LT.Col. David B. Leader ANYA-NYA II DELEGATION.
KAMPALA QUEST FOR PEACE COMMUNIQUE BY
SUDAN AFRICAN PARTIES AND SPLM/SPLA
- In response to the invitation extended by the President of the Republic of Uganda, His Excellency Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, to the concerned parties in order to brief him on the prevailing situation in the Sudan to enable him mediate for peace as requested by the Prime Minister of Sudan;
Having been afforded the opportunity to meet in Kampala under the auspices of The National Resistance Movement (NRM) from 6th to 7th of September, 1987, the two concerned parties discussed and analyzed the worsening political situation in the Sudan and reached common understanding that the Sudan can rid herself of many looming dangers if all Sudanese political forces muster enough will and determination to appropriately resolve existing national problems namely: The nationality question, the religious question, basic human rights, secretarial system of government, uneven development, social injustice and inequality:
And in an endeavour to solve these problems, the concerned parties reaffirm their readiness to discuss with all other interested parties in order to arrive at outcome worthy of the Sudanese people-one that guarantees their just aspirations for permanent peace, democracy, self-determination and social justice.
- Hence, it is the view of the concerned parties that a policy of military confrontation pursued by the Khartoum Government - a policy of militarising our country is dangerous and counter productive. It is for this reason that the concerned parties reaffirm their unconditional support of the Koka Dam Declaration and the Addis Ababa Peace Forum (true copies hereby appended) initiated by the SPLM/SPLA, the National Alliance for Salvation of the Country, Sudan African Parties and Anya-Nya II, respectively.
- The concerned parties hereby ardently urge governments of the neighboring states and the international community at large to support and facilitate their efforts aimed at strengthening the peace initiatives.
- In conclusion, the concerned parties appreciate the constructive line under-taken by President Museveni of persistently seeking to bring about lasting solution to our national problems. The two concerned parties further express gratitude for the gesture of good will shown by his government to offer humanitarian aid to ameliorate the deterioration situation in the Sudan.
- Signed in Kampala, this 8th day of September, in the year One Thousand Nine Hundred and Eightyseven.
- Mr. Eliaba James Surur, Leader,
Sudan African Parties Delegation.
- Comrade Lt. Col. Alfred Ladu Gore
Leader SPLM/SPLA Delegation.
Witnessed by: NRM representative Mr. Eriya Kategaya
Minister of State in the office of
NAIROBI SEARCH FOR PEACE COMMUNIQUE BY THE SUDAN AFRICAN PARTIES AND THE SUDAN PEOPLE'S LIBERATION MOVEMENT AND THE SUDAN PEOPLE'S LIBERATION ARMY (SPLM/SPLA)
- In view of the long experience of the Republic of Kenya in maintaining peace since its independence;
- Being aware of the two Joint Communiques issued by the SAP, ANYA-NAY II and SPLM/SPLA at Addis Ababa and Kampala between SAP and SPLM/SPLA, respectively,
- President of the Republic of Kenya to see peace prevail in the Sudan,
- The Sudan African Parties and the Sudan People's Liberation Army delegations, met in Nairobi City from the 19th to the 22nd of September, 1987;
- Having understood the genuine concern of the President of the Republic of Kenya to assist the Sudanese people in their efforts to bring about Peace through a nationwide dialogue; the Parties concerned adopted the following resolutions:
- Call upon all the Sudanese political forces irrespective of their ideological beliefs, race or religion, to join the peace efforts now being pursued by the parties the Sudan African People's Political Parties and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement and Sudan People's Liberation Army in accordance with the Koka Dam Declaration of March 1986, and the Sudan Government for speedy holding of the National Constitutional Conference.
- Appeal to the International and Regional Organization of African Unity and the Arab League to exert pressure on the Sudan Government to endorse the ongoing peace process.
- The concerned parties urge all the Sudan's neighboring States and all peace loving countries to use their influence to make it possible for the Sudan Government to adhere to the urgent need for peace process to mature and obtain the desired objectives of the Sudanese people.
- It is also the considered view of the concerned parties that due to the desperate conditions currently prevalent in the South in particular, we do hereby appeal to all the neighboring countries and men of good will in general, that they make available all humanitarian assistance to alleviate the critical conditions that prevail in the South.
- In order to safeguard the success of peace process it is the considered view of the concerned parties that they urge all the contending political forces in the Sudan to refrain from antagonistic and hostile attitude towards one another.
- In order to generate confidence and consolidate genuine unity among the Sudanese people the concerned parties strongly appeal to the Sudanese to refrain from all acts that tend to divide the Sudanese people.
- The concerned Parties hereby commit themselves to the search for genuine peace. In this respect, the Parties express their appreciation and gratitude to His Excellency the President of the Republic of Kenya, Daniel T. Arap Moi, and the Kenyan people for their continuous concern for the attainment of peace in Eastern African Region in general and in the Sudan in particular.
Signed in Nairobi this Twenty Second Day of September in the Year One Thousand Nine Hundred and Eighty Seven.
Witnessed by: Sgd.Hon. Justus Ole Tipis, Minister of State in the Office of the President.
- Hon. Eliaba James Surur
Leader, The Sudan African Parties Delegation
- LT-CPL. Lual Wol
Leader, Sudan People's Liberation Movement and Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLM/SPLA).
THE ADDIS ABABA PEACE FORUM - STRUGGLE FOR PEACE AND DEMOCRACY
Joint Communique' by the Delegations of the Union of the Sudan African Parties and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/ Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLM/SPLA)
- Pursuance of the Addis Ababa Peace Forum, Kampala Quest for Peace and Nairobi Search for Peace communiques issued by the SPLM/SPLA, Anya Nya Two and the Union of the African Parties in August and September 1987;
- Aware of the Sudan Government's persistent attempts to internationalise our domestic problems as manifested by the recent speeches of the Prime Minister, the Minister of Defence, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs, accusing some neighboring countries, humanitarian and religious organizations of their involvement in our internal affairs;
- Convinced of our capability to solve our internal problems without foreign interference, reject these attempts which implicate some foreign countries and international organizations;
- Considering the effects of the on-going war in the Sudan which increasingly claim many lives and the destruction of properties of the Sudanese citizens on both sides including innocent citizens who have been displaced and exposed to famine, disease and misery;
- Determined and committed to bring about meaningful and just peace, stability, justice and equality to our suffering people;
- Convinced that the only way to solve our national problems is through dialogue, have therefore agreed and adopted the following:
- The National Constitutional Conference shall be held before the end of 1988, as expressed by all the political forces in the country.
- Call upon and urge the forces of the April 6, 1985 Uprising including the SPLM/SPLA and all the other political forces in the country to hold a preliminary meeting in the spirit of Koka Dam Conference of 1986, to discuss the programme, agenda, venue, and the time for the convening of the National Constitutional Conference.
- The SPLM/SPLA will consider cease fire during the aforesaid preliminary meeting depending on the prevailing situation at the time.
- The SPLM/SPLA reaffirms the guarantee and willingness for safe ferrying of relief supplies by the international organizations to all Sudanese citizens in affected areas, both under the SPLM/SPLA and Government controlled areas. The assistance rendered so far by some international organizations to the victims is appreciated. However, due to the immensity of the suffering in these areas and in the refugee camps, the SPLM/SPLA and the Union of the Sudan.
- The SPLM/SPLA reiterates its commitment to the realization of a secular state in the Sudan.
- The SPLM/SPLA repeats its earlier offer for the exchange of prisoners of war with the Government through the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Signed in Addis Ababa on the 8th Day of July in the Year One Thousand Nine Hundred and Eighty-Eight.
For the SPLM/SPLA:
Commander Yousif Kuo Mekki,
Alternate Member of the SPLM/SPLA Politico-Military High Commander, and the Leader of the Delegation.
For the Union of the African Parties:
Dr. Andrew Wieu Riak,
USAP's Spokesman, and Leader of the Delegation.